Established in 1843 and named after Queen Victoria of England. Victoria West marks the beginning of the Diamond Way, lying on the main route from Cape Town to Kimberley.
In 1866 diamond fever was sparked with the discovery of the gem at Hopetown and Kimberley. The railway from Cape Town was also lured north but, perplexingly, missed Victoria by 12 km. Though Victoria West has suffered a devastating flood and dustbowl-drought, it has thrived.